Ford Motor Company entered the business world on June 16, 1903, when Henry Ford and 11 business associates signed the company’s articles of incorporation. With $28,000 in cash, the pioneering industrialists gave birth to what was to become one of the world’s largest corporations. Henry Ford insisted that the company’s future lay in the production of affordable cars for a mass market. Beginning in 1903, the company began using the first 19 letters of the alphabet to name new cars.
The Ford catalytic converter plays an essential role in every Ford vehicle. Its main task is to reduce the toxicity emissions from an internal combustion engine. Among the most common gases that are produced by the engine are nitrogen oxides and carbon monoxides which can be harmful to the environment.
There are two types of Ford catalytic converters. These are the three-way converter and the two-way converter. The three way converter is the more popular type used by vehicles. It basically has three simultaneous tasks which include the reduction of nitrogen and oxygen, the oxidation of carbon monoxide to carbon dioxide which is less harmful and the oxidation of unburnt carcinogenic hydrocarbons to carbon dioxide and water. The two-way converter has almost similar tasks as the three-way converter except for the reduction of nitrogen oxides to nitrogen and oxygen. It is however more widely-used in diesel engines for its efficiency in reducing both hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide emissions.
Chevy vehicles are also equipped with Chevy catalytic converters in order to lessen harmful gases in the atmosphere. Chevy is also an American automobile brand just like Ford. Chevy is actually a colloquial term for Chevrolet which is an automobile brand produced by General Motors and also happens to be GM’s largest and best selling brand. Chevrolet is known as the manufacturer of some of the most famous American cars and trucks of all time, including the ’57 Bel Air, the Corvette, the Camaro, the Blazer and the Suburban.
A Chevy catalytic converter has three main components. The first one is the core, also called substrate which has the main function of supporting the catalyst. Due to this function, it is often called the catalyst support. Most cores are ceramic honeycombs although stainless steel foil honeycombs are also used. The second component is the washcoat which was invented to increase the efficiency of Chevy catalytic converters. It is often a mixture of silicon and aluminum, which, when added to the core, form a rough, irregular surface which has a far greater surface area than the flat core surfaces. This kind of surface is perfect for a converter core since this means there is a larger surface area and more places for active precious metal sites. The third component is the itself is commonly made of a precious metal. Platinum, although the most widely used not suitable for all since there can be unwanted reactions and even extra costs. Because of this, Palladium and Rhodium are also used. Platinum and rhodium are used as a reduction catalyst, while platinum and palladium are used as an oxidization catalyst. Aside from these, cerium, iron, manganese and nickel are also used although some are illegal in other countries.